Wednesday, May 20, 2020
The word Holocaust can be defined as destruction or slaughter on a mass scale. Another definition defines this as the killing of millions of Jews and other people by the NaziÃ¢â¬â¢s (1). This one simple word has much more meaning attached to its name in world history. Just like Jews and other group of people were persecuted, animals have been mistreated just as these human beings have. Just as a holocaust is defined as a mass scale killing, thousands of animals are killed every day in the most inhumane ways you could think of. Another point one might argue is that animals were given for us to eat. As an animal activist I disagree with this argument due to the fact that both humans and animals were given life on this earth and both should beÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Almost everything including their businesses and belongings were taken from them or broken. Specifically, this act occurred at the start of the physical action taken against the Jews on November 9, 1938, in which is remembered as Kristallnacht or also known as the Night of Broken Glass (5). Just like Jews, animals do not have the rights they should in order to live peacefully on this earth. They are rounded up, taken to slaughterhouses and killed. Some are used for the testing of experiments with make up or cosmetics causing these animals defects. Animals have been deprived of the chance to live their lives in the way they were meant to: in homes with families and social groups, tending to their young, and fulfilling their basic need. They are locked in cages, and have their whole lives twisted and stole by vivisectors. Every experiment that is subjected to is a crime against the animals. People canÃ¢â¬â¢t forget that animal experimentation means the suffering and destruction of sensitive, individual creature (6). Unfortunately, these issues with how animals are treated are still occurring today. A book title Animal Liberation written by Peter Singer talks about becoming vegetarian and vegan as well as animal rights and so much more (7). A term that I have heard used on multiple occasions is that the Jews were Ã¢â¬Å"treated as animalÃ¢â¬ . To me this is implying that it is okay to treat animals in such way. Examples being,Show MoreRelatedAnimal Rights and Ethics Essay1746 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Animal Rights and EthicsÃ¢â¬ Gary Grey Introduction to Ethics and Social Responsibility Stacey Hiles March 21, 2011 Is it ethical for animals to have the same rights as humans? During this paper I will present the views of both sides. I will try my best to give the reader a chance to come to there own unbiased conclusion. I will talk about the key areas of animal ethics. I will present the facts and reasoning behind the arguments over Animal cruelty, testing, hunting, and improper housing. MyRead MoreAnimal Rights Should Be Legal1240 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesresearch paper will be talking about animal rights. Animal rights is the rights for animals to be free of medical research, hunting, clothing, food, and entertainment. It is the belief that all animals are entitled to the possession of their own lives and should not have to suffer from humans. (Liou, 2010) The belief is opposite of those who believe in speciesism. Speciesism is the idea that humans and their rights are above animals. The people who are against animal rights are known as speciesist. (Bennett-JonesRead MoreProtection Over Animals : Animal Abuse1510 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesProtection Over Animals We should understand that animals have feelings and have a brain even though they do not have the same physical appearance as we do. I believe people that are caught committing the acts of abuse, the consequences of breaking the animal laws should be strongly enforced. In reality IÃ¢â¬â¢m sure that I am not the only person who would love nothing than to help our loving animals to live a full and happy life. The reason for my paper is to reach out to people on how important animals are, justRead MoreAnimal Rights Is Not Just A Philosophy Essay1299 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAnimal rights is the idea that all animals are entitled to the possession of their own lives. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s important to have animal rights because it prevents animals from living horrible, tortured lives for human benefit and entertainment. They have feelings and emotions too, they should be treated as humanely as possible at all times, they are not on this earth for human benefit and usage. What Are Animal Rights? Animal rights is not just a philosophy, but a kind of social movementRead MoreAnimal Rights : Animal Cruelty Essay1520 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAnimal Rights Animal rights, the rights believed to belong to animals to live free from use in medical research, hunting, and other services to humans. Animal Cruelty is the human infliction of suffering or harm upon any non-human animal, for purposes other than self-defense or survival. Ã Ã Animal Cruelty exists and it should not. Animals feel pain and fear like we do, but they are helpless.They canÃ¢â¬â¢t tell us that it hurts, they canÃ¢â¬â¢t communicate their pain because we do not speak their languageRead MoreEqual Rights for Animals in Peter SingerÃ¢â¬â¢s Article, All Animals are Equal652 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesAll Animals are Equal, Singer claims that animals deserve the same equal rights and respect that the human lives get. His strongest argument is defined by all animals, human or non-human shall be defined as equal. Singer makes some very strong arguments within his article, but I feel some of his statements are humanist. As an animal lover and mother to two pets, I disagree that not all animals or living things endure the same amount. However, I do agree that animals do deserve the rights to liveRead More Animals Deserve Rights Essay802 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAnimals Deserve Rights It is the notion of our time that non-human animals exist for the advancement of the human species. In whatever field -- cookery, fashion, blood-sports -- it is held that we can only be concerned with animals as far as human interests exist. There may be some sympathy for those animals, as to limit practices which cause excruciating suffering, but those may only be limited if they are brought to public light, and if legislators receive enough pressure from the public toRead MoreAnimal Testing Should Not Be Banned1673 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages8322020 Animal Slavery Imagine you being tested on what do you think that feels like ? The total amount of animals used for testing on agriculture experiments is 1.13 million. This is only in the agriculture industry. Now imagine all the other industries that allow animal testing.TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re rights are being violated and there is nothing they can do about it but just take the pain that they donÃ¢â¬â¢t deserve. All of this could be stopped but to stop it has to begin somewhere. Animal testing does nothingRead MoreRights and Ethics: What We Need1146 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescountries around the world agree on two basic rights, the right to liberty and the right to ones own life. Outside of these most basic human and civil rights, what do we deserve, and do these rights apply to animals as well? Human rights worldwide need to be increased and an effort made to improve lives. We must also acknowledge that Ã¢â¬Å"just as one wants happiness and fears pain, just as one wants to live and not die, so do other c reaturesÃ¢â¬ (Dalai Lama). Animals are just as capable of suffering as we areRead MoreSeaworld, California And Virginia1582 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescontroversy. It is revolting that people still find enjoyment in watching these sophisticated mammals do tricks in a concrete environment. Though many believe that parks like SeaWorld are necessary for educational purposes, they need to realize that these animals are not here so we can seize them from their natural habitats and watch them swim in cramped tanks. SeaWorld needs to discontinue their capturing of whales for the enjoyment of humans because wild animals belong in their natural habitat.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
a MID EXAM 1Ans) Intellectual property right gives credit to the original work done by the people .The law the creative work of the people from coping or imitating without their permission. There are three main things that protect the intellectual right .They are copyrights, patents and trademarks. As the technology increases instead of thinking newly ,people are choosing a alternative or easy way of imitating the other works and showing as their own work . Here are few examples of violating the intellectual property rights: 1.)A Beijing court in china has ruled that Microsoft violated intellectual properties of a Chinese company. Violation was over fonts that are used inÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦3.)Adidas a multinational corporation was using three stripe marks as a logo since 1952, but it registered its logo as trademark recently. Payless other similar kind of company was also confusingly using similar kind of logo. Adidas registered its logo making an agreement with payless in 2001. Payless after settlement also started selling look-alikes logo which was violating the rule of their agreement. For violating rule by payless, Adidas has been awarded $305 million which was calculated $100 million for each stripe. 4.) In July, castle French wine company was fined $5million for using the trade mark of another shanghai based company. He used shanghai banti trademark ka site ,transliteration of castle. As china uses first come first serve trade mark system the Chinese company owner has registered first in 1998 but as castle used this he was prosecuted for using others company s trade mark. 5.) Music as a best part of life in almost all kind of people in the world, with this popularity in music there was so many groups that are looking to sell them and make money. Around the same time a music application was created by an 18 year old kid, the application was a peer-to-peer music sharing service which allows users to download music files for free, which made music group such as AM Records and other similar
Working together can lead you to a better position than where you will get fighting. In the story the Golden Kite and Silver wind the two lands are continuously trying to best each other while not getting anywhere until finally coming up with a solution in the end. Allegory is shown throughout the story based on the Cold war, which is expressed by building walls which leads to the theme being that working together is better than having enemies. They never combated, but tried to surpass each other by increasing weaponry. The Mandarin of one of the towns, commands, Ã¢â¬Å"you raisers of walls must go bearing trowels and rocks and change the shape of our city!. The Mandarin like the U.S.A. or USSR, competes with the city of Kwan-si by ordering the workers to build a wall that resembles certain Chinese Spirits And you will change our walls into a club which may beat the pig and drive it off!. We will write a custom essay sample on Ã¢â¬Å"The Golden Kite, the Silver WindÃ¢â¬ : Summary and Analysis or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The stonemasons or the architects in a way symbolize the war factories that were used to manufacture nuclear weapons, or any destructive weapon for that matter in the cold war, the walls that the workers construct represent the nuclear weapons, as a sign of power and great triumphant. The MandarinsÃ¢â¬â¢ dispute caused more problems than they expected, comparable to Stalins and TrumanÃ¢â¬â¢s role in the Cold War. Moreover, the reconciliation of the two MandarinÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã toward the end of the of the story signify the authors perspective on the Cold War. The author writes, Ã¢â¬Å"the towns became the town of the golden kite and the town of the silver windÃ¢â¬ ¦and business trended again, and the flesh returned, and disease ran off like a frightened jackal.Ã¢â¬ , conveying Ã that the unity of two regions must exist in order for the environment to be harmonious or in balance. Because this story was written during the cold war, the text hints that the author felt Ã the war was vacuous, and that the U.S. and the USSR should stop their everlasting arms race.
Thursday, April 23, 2020
Mike Meyer Professor Calderwood Argumentation/Debate May 22, 2013 Why it is Bad to Miss Class Missing class is never a good thing, especially when you are taking a class that meets once a week. Everyone has their excuses to why they have to miss class. You could be sick, someone happened to hit your car on you way to school; there can be a death in the family, or just didnÃ¢â¬â¢t feel like going to class. What ever your reason is you should always strive to make it class no matter what because you miss out on lesson, you lose the classroom experience for the day, and you get marked down on your grade. First of all, the main reason why you go to class is so you can learn. You go to class to learn because you either are interested in the subject or you need to know the material so you can pass the class with a good grade. We will write a custom essay sample on Why It Is Bad to Miss Class or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Students who do not show up to class get lower marks on their test and therefore they get lower grades in the class. When you are not class you force yourself to learn the material by yourself and that is much harder to do rather than having an expert in the subject teach you. Second of all, you miss out on the classroom experience. On of the biggest advantages you have in going to class is having a teacher and classmates in a room sharing the common goal in learning. You are able to ask questions to the teacher or your classmates and you will get your answers rather than having to research for an answer on you own. Also, if either the teacher or your classmates know the answer to your question then everyone in the classroom will work together to find one. The classroom experience is one big advantage you have and not going is just making life harder on yourself. Lastly, if you don not go to class you will get marked down on your grade. A lot of classes grade you on participation and every time you donÃ¢â¬â¢t go to class you miss out on points. You could also not be in class and there could be a quiz or even a test and you not being at class means you get a zero on that grade. The more you miss class, the more you miss out on points for your grade to get better, and if your missing those points your grade is not staying the same, it is getting worse. In conclusion, missing class is never a good thing. We al have are excuses for missing class but do your best to be there every single day. If you do miss class just remember that you miss out on the lesson for that day, you lose the classroom experience for the day, and you get marked down on your grade. Going to class is always the right thing to do and if you do have a professor that will let you do an assignment, such as write a six hundred page paper on why it is bad to miss class to redeem the points you missed out on for the class, then you will wished that you went to class instead.
Tuesday, March 17, 2020
Sample final exam b Essay Example Sample final exam b Essay Sample final exam b Essay For credit, you must show work on written questions. For example you must show calculations and not just the answer. Keep your eyes on your own exam. Academic honesty is expected. Relax and Good Luck! Formulas: Federal Funds Rate Target = Inflation Rate + Equilibrium Real Fed Fund Rate 1/2(inflation gap) + 1/2(output gap) Page 1 of 9 Multiple Choice Questions (60 points total, 2 points per question) 1) The Depository Institutions Deregulation and Monetary Control Act of 1980 A) established higher reserve requirements for nonmember than for member banks. B) established higher reserve requirements for member than for nonmember banks. C) abolished reserve requirements. D) established uniform reserve requirements for all banks. 2) The case for Federal Reserve independence does not include the idea tm A) political pressure would impart an inflationary bias to monetary policy. Politically insulated Fed would be more concerned with long-run objectives and thus be a defender of a sound dollar and a stable price level. C) policy is always performed better by an elite group such as the Fed. D) a Federal Reserve under the control of Congress or the president might mallÃ « the so-called political business cycle more pronounced. Members Of Congress are able to influence monetary policy, albeit indirectly, through their ability to A) withhold appropriations from the Boar of Governors. B) with hold appropriations from the Federal Open Market Committee. C) propose legislation that would force the Fed to submit budget requests to Congress, as must other government agencies. D) instruct the General Accounting Office to audit th e foreign exchange market functions of the Federal Reserve. 4) Excess reserves are equal to A) total reserves minus discount loans. B) vault cash plus deposits with Federal Reserve banks minus required reserves. C) vault cash minus required reserves. D) deposits with the Fed minus vault cash plus required reserves. 5) Spoof that from a new checkable deposit, First National Bank holds eight million dollars on deposit with the Federal Reserve, one million dollars in required reserves, and faces a required reserve ratio of ten percent. Given this information, we can say First National Bank has vault cash. A) two B) eight C) nine D) ten million dollars in 6) When an individual sells a $100 bond to the Fed, she may either deposit the check she receives or cash it for currency. In both cases A) reserves increase. B) high-powered money Increases. C) reserves decrease. D) high-powered money decreases. Page 2 of 9 in market interest rates relative to the discount rate will cause discount borrowing to A) fall; increase B) rise; decrease C) rise; increase D) fall; remain unchanged 8) If the Fed injects reserves into the banking system and they are held as excess reserves, then the money supply A) increases by only the initial increase in reserves. B) increases by only one-half the initial increase in reserves. C) increases by a multiple of the initial increase in reserves. D) does not change. 9) If the required reserve ratio is one-third, currency in circulation is $300 lion, checkable deposits are $900 billion, and there is no excess reserve, then the monetary base is A) $300 billion. B) 5600 billion. C) $333 billion. D) $667 billion. 10) During the 2007-2009 financial crisis the currency ratio A) increased sharply. B) decreased sharply. C) increased slightly. D) decreased slightly. 1 1) Which of the following is NOT an argument for the Federal Reserve paying interest on excess reserve holdings? A) Paying interest reduces the effective tax on deposits. B) Paying interest will help in the implementation of monetary policy. C) Paying interest will help the Federal Reserve have more control of the amount f discount loans. D) Paying interest increases the capacity of the Feuds balance sheet which will make it easier to address financial crises. 12) In the market for reserves, when the federal funds interest rate is below the discount rate, the supply curve of reserves is A) vertical. B) horizontal. C) positively sloped. D) negatively sloped. 3) The interest rate charged on overnight loans of reserves between banks is the A) prime rate. B) discount rate. C) federal funds rate. D) Treasury bill rate. Page 3 of 9 14) If float is predicted to decrease because of unseasonably good weather, he manager of the trading desk at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York will likely conduct a A) defensive; sale open market B) defensive; purchase C) dynamic; sale D) dynamic; purchase 1 5) The dis count rate is kept of securities. The federal funds rate because the F-De prefers that A) below; banks borrow reserves from each other. B) below; banks borrow reserves from the Fed. C) above; banks borrow reserves from each other. D) above; banks borrow reserves from the Fed. 1 6) From before the financial crisis began in September Of 2007 to when the crisis was over at the end of 2009, the huge expansion in the Feuds balance whet and the monetary base did not result in a large increase in monetary supply because A) most of it just flowed into holdings of excess reserve. B) the Fed also increased the required reserve ratio C) the Fed also conducted open market sales. D) the discount loan decreased. 7) If the unemployment rate is higher than the natural rate of unemployment, based on the Phillips curve, A) inflation will be higher. B) inflation will be lower. C) inflation expectations will be higher. D) inflation expectations will be lower. 18) One of the problems with higher inflation is A) higher economic growth. B) difficulty predicting relative price movements. C) larger decreases in inflation expectations. D) sma ller movements in equilibrium real interest rates. 19) Which set of goals can, at times, conflict in the short run? A) High employment and economic growth. ) Interest rate stability and financial market stability. C) High employment and price level stability. D) Exchange rate stability and financial market stability. 20) The decision by inflation targets to choose inflation targets reflects the concern Of monetary policymakers that particularly gem inflation can have substantial negative effects on real economic activity. A) below; high B) below; low C) above; high D) above; low Page 4 of 9 21) The problems of raising the level of the inflation target include A) if the zero-lower-bound problem is rare, then the benefits of a higher inflation target are not very large. B) the costs of higher inflation in terms of the distortions it produces in the economy are high. C) it is more difficult to stabilize the inflation rate at a higher targeting level. D) all of the above. 22) Which of the following is a potential operating instrument for the central bank? A) The monetary base B) The MI money supply C) Nominal GAP D) The discount rate 3) According to the Taylor principle, when the inflation rate rises, the nominal interest rate should be Increase. A) increased; more B) increased; less C) decreased; more D) decreased; less by than the inflation rate 24) The monetary transmission mechanism that links monetary policy to GO through real interest rates and investment spending is called the A) traditional interest-rate channel. B) Dobbins q theory. C) wealth effects. D) cash flow channel. 25) If monetary policy can influence prices and conditions in markets, then it can affect spending through channels other than the traditional interest-rate channel. A) asset; labor B) asset; credit C) commodity; labor D) commodity; credit 26) During the Great Depression, Dobbins q A) rose dramatically, as did real interest rates. B) fell to unprecedented low levels. C) stayed fairly constant, in contrast to most other economic measures. D) rose only slightly, in spite of Hovers attempts to prop it up. Page 5 of 9 27) Because of the presence of asymmetric information problems in credit markets, an expansionary monetary policy causes a which the adverse selection problem, thereby in net worth, increased lending to finance investment spending. A) decline; increases; encouraging B) rise; increases; discouraging C) rise; reduces; encouraging D) decline; reduces; discouraging 28) An expansionary monetary policy raises firms cash flows by interest rates. A) lowering real B) lowering nominal C) raising real D) raising nominal 29) The Federal Reserve has been preemptive because of the changing view that monetary policy has to be A) more; forward B) more; backward C) less; forward D) less; backward looking. 0) Large fluctuations in money supply growth and smaller fluctuations in the federal funds rate between October 1 982 and the early sass indicate that the Fed had shifted to 8) embowered reserves C) excess reserves D) required reserves Page 6 of 9 as an operating target. A) borrowed reserves Written Questions (60 points total, 20 points per question) Written Queerest #1 (20 points total) Suppose the following T-accounts represent The Central Bank and The Regular Bank (billions of dollars). The central Bank T-Account Assets Liabilities Government $BIBB Currency $BIBB Securities in Circulation Reserves $BIBB The Regular Bank T-Account $1 BOB Checking $BIBB Deposits Government Loans Equity Capital $BIBB a) Suppose the reserve requirement is 10%, calculate the money multiplier. B) Suppose The Regular Bank decided to no longer hold excess reserves. Draw new Discounts showing one possible initial change from this. Calculate the money multi pliers. C) If The Central Bank decides to rent a helicopter and drop $508 in newly printed money on the population, what would happen to the money supply ultimately based on part a)? What would happen based on part b)? Page 7 of 9 Written Question #2 (20 points total) F-or each part, Start by supposing the Federal Reserve current has a discount rate of 6% and the equilibrium federal funds rate is 5%, and the Fed pays 5% on excess reserves. Also, assume that there are currently SOB borrowed reserves. Sing a supply and demand diagram show the effects of an open market purchase and briefly explain the effect on the federal funds rate, non- borrowed reserves, and borrowed reserves (up/down/stay the same).
Saturday, February 29, 2020
AIDS and YOU (May 1987) By Martin H. Goodman MD (this essay is in the public domain) Introduction: AIDS is a life and death issue. To have the AIDS disease is at present a sentence of slow but inevitable death. I've already lost one friend to AIDS. I may soon lose others. My own sexual behavior and that of many of my friends has been profoundly altered by it. In my part of the country, one man in 10 may already be carrying the AIDS virus. While the figures may currently be less in much of the rest of the country, this is changing rapidly. There currently is neither a cure, nor even an effective treatment, and no vaccine either. But there are things that have been PROVEN immensely effective in slowing the spread of this hideously lethal disease. In this essay I hope to present this information. History and Overview: AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Defficiency Disease. It is caused by a virus. The disease originated somewhere in Africa about 20 years ago. There it first appeared as a mysterious ailment afflicting primarily heterosexuals of both sexes. It probably was spread especially fast by primarily female prostitutes there. AIDS has already become a crisis of STAGGERING proportions in parts of Africa. In Zaire, it is estimated that over twenty percent of the adults currently carry the virus. That figure is increasing. And what occurred there will, if no cure is found, most likely occur here among heterosexual folks. AIDS was first seen as a disease of gay males in this country. This was a result of the fact that gay males in this culture in the days before AIDS had an average of 200 to 400 new sexual contacts per year. This figure was much higher than common practice among heterosexual (straight) men or women. In addition, it turned out that rectal sex was a particularly effective way to transmit the disease, and rectal sex is a common practice among gay males. For these reasons, the disease spread in the gay male population of this country immensely more quickly than in other populations. It became to be thought of as a "gay disease". Because the disease is spread primarily by exposure of ones blood to infected blood or semen, I.V. drug addicts who shared needles also soon were identified as an affected group. As the AIDS epidemic began to affect increasingly large fractions of those two populations (gay males and IV drug abusers), many of the rest of this society looked on smugly, for both populations tended to be despised by the "mainstream" of society here. But AIDS is also spread by heterosexual sex. In addition, it is spread by blood transfusions. New born babies can acquire the disease from infected mothers during pregnancy. Gradually more and more "mainstream" folks got the disease. Most recently, a member of congress died of the disease. Finally, even the national news media began to join in the task of educating the public to the notion that AIDS can affect everyone. Basic medical research began to provide a few bits of information, and some help. The virus causing the disease was isolated and identified. The AIDS virus turned out to be a very unusual sort of virus. Its genetic material was not DNA, but RNA. When it infected human cells, it had its RNA direct the synthesis of viral DNA. While RNA viruses are not that uncommon, very few RNA viruses reproduce by setting up the flow of information from RNA to DNA. Such reverse or "retro" flow of information does not occur at all in any DNA virus or any other living things. Hence, the virus was said to belong to the rare group of virues called "Retro Viruses". Research provided the means to test donated blood for the presence of the antibodies to the virus, astronomically reducing the chance of ones getting AIDS from a blood transfusion. This was one of the first real breakthroughs. The same discoveries that allowed us to make our blood bank blood supply far safer also allowed us to be able to tell (in most cases) whether one has been exposed to the AIDS virus using a
Thursday, February 13, 2020
Critically analyse the recruitment challenges in the case study, including how they impact on the strategic issues mentioned in the case - Essay Example According to Bradshaw (2007), in any profession, employees are attracted to work for an organisation that can guarantee full time job.1 This way, employees are assured of job security and development in their course of employment in the organisation. With this in mind, Black CAP employs individuals to work for it on a contract basis, which is a part time job that lasts for three to five years. In this regard, the organisation has a challenge of hiring people that wish to work on a part time basis. In fact, studies have documented that most of the people that work on a part time basis lack the necessary skills, experience and competence that can foster organisational growth (Allen 2008). This is attributable to the idea of lack of full time job that can lock such people from acquiring skills and experience obtained by people employed permanently through training and development and other incentives accrued from long term employment.2 Therefore, Black CAP may end up only hiring desperate employees that have failed securing job in other organisations and decide to work in any organisation under any working conditions provided by the organisation. Besides, Kim (2006) noted that owing to the fact that the employees know that they would not be working for the organisation for a long time, employees can lack the required motivation to keep them productive to bring change to the organisation.3 Yudhvir (2012) argued that there are many incentives that help improve the morale of workers including non monetary benefits.4 One of these incentives is the assurance of the employer to employee that he has a permanent job that he can rely on. This way, the employee is motivated to work hard to produce top results for the organisation.5 Since Black CAP is a nonprofit organisation, its remuneration package for its employees is much far less than that of private and public sectors. Therefore, the organisation is faced with the challenge of attracting proficient